The National Museum “Domenico Ridola” is the oldest museum of Basilicata. In 1911 it was created with a law thanks to Domenico Ridola. Domenico Ridola, doctor, archaeologist and senator, is one of the most illustrious man of Basilicata. He devoted much of his life in these studies and he was the protagonist of many archaeological discoveries. The reperts in the Matera area are date back to the prehistoric time.